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Montenegro Transportations
 
 
 

General

Montenegro has two international airports, Podgorica Airport and Tivat Airport. Podgorica Airport has a new and modern terminal building, and Tivat Airport underwent terminal expansion and can now handle night landings. There are also airports at Berane, Žabljak and Nikšić, but those are used mostly for general aviation, and are not equipped to handle larger aircraft. Ulcinj have a grass-type airport.

The Montenegrin part of the Belgrade-Bar railway is the backbone of the Montenegrin railway system. It opened in 1979, and then was a state-of-the art railway, with features such as Mala-Rijeka viaduct (highest railway viaduct in the world) and the 6.2 km long Sozina tunnel. About one-third of the Montenegrin part of the railway is in tunnels or on viaducts. It is the only railway corridor in Montenegro that is fully electrified: electrification of the Podgorica-Nikšić corridor is not complete.

The railway suffered from chronic underfunding in the 1990s, resulting in it deteriorating and becoming unsafe. This culminated in the 2006 Bioče train disaster, when a passenger train derailed, killing 47 passengers. Efforts are being made to thoroughly reconstruct this railway.

The Podgorica-Nikšić railway (56,6 km long) was built in 1948 as a narrow gauge railway, and upgraded to standard gauge in 1965. Since 1992, it has been used solely for freight traffic, particularly bauxite from the Nikšić mine to the Podgorica Aluminium Plant, with the maximum speed on the railway reduced to 30 km/h. That is about to change, as this part of the railway is currently undergoing complete reconstruction and electrification. Passenger traffic is set to start in 2009, and maximum speeds will be between 75 and 100 km/h.

The Podgorica-Shkodër railway, which extends to Tirana, has been used exclusively for freight traffic for some time. Parts in Albania were damaged in 1997, but the connection was restored in 2002. There are plans to reconstruct the railway and re-introduce passenger traffic, as it is important for the interests of both Montenegro and Albania.

Currently, the railways are undergoing planned repairs and modernization with a budget, given by Government for 2009, of €9.7 million.

Overall length of roads in Montenegro is 5,277 km, of which 1,729 km is paved. There are currently no roads built to motorway standards, but two motorways are currently in planning stages: Bar-Boljare motorway and Montenegrin section of Adriatic-Ionian motorway.

Port of Bar is the major seaport in Montenegro. It is capable of handling about five million tons of cargo, and is a port for ferries to Bari and Ancona in Italy. Kotor, Risan, Tivat and Zelenika (in Bay of Kotor) are smaller ports. Ulcinj have a marine, only for skiffs, motorboats and jet skis.

Montenegro's rivers are generally not navigable, except for tourist attractions such as rafting on Tara River.

Overview

Airports :
5 (2010)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2010)

Airports - with unpaved runways :
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2010)


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