Allo' Expat Montenegro - Connecting Expats in Montenegro
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   Information Center Montenegro
Montenegro General Information
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People, Language & Religion


Montenegrins are a South Slavic ethnic group with close ties to Serbs but claim a separate cultural identity. Montenegrins primarily populate central and southern areas of the country. Serbs consist of Montenegro natives who identify as Serbs or Serbs who arrived over the past several centuries from Serbia. Serbs populate northern, central, and coastal areas. Bosniaks reside in the extreme northeast whereas Albanians populate several border regions along the Kosovo and Albanian borders. Other ethnicities include ethnic Muslims, Croats and Roma.


The official language is Montenegrin, a Serbo-Croatian dialect which is mutually intelligible with Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian. The government has pushed for the development of a separate Montenegrin language, which has included the introduction of new letters in the alphabet and the use of a modified Latin script as opposed to the Cyrillic used by Serbian. These language issues appear primarily intended to establish a more unique culture and national identity separate from Serbia.


Most Montenegrin inhabitants are Orthodox Christians, followers of the Serbian Orthodox Church's Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral and the Montenegrin Orthodox Church. The religious institutions all have guaranteed rights and are separate from the state. There is a sizeable number of Sunni Muslims Montenegrins that maintain their own Islamic Community of Montenegro. There is also a small Roman Catholic population, divided between the Archdiocese of Antivari headed by Primate of Serbia and the Diocese of Kotor that is a part of the Church of Croatia.

The constitution protects religious freedom which is upheld by the government and local laws. Abuse of religious freedom is not tolerated. There is no state religion and the government observes Orthodox Christmas and Easter. Religious communities must register with the local police within 15 days of arrival. Societal instances of abuse of religious freedom have been sparse and mainly connected to the ownership and operation of older religious buildings.




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